This section is designed to test a test takers ability to comprehend both syntax(Standard English Grammar) and semantics(Meaning and Comprehension) of the English language. A candidate faces approximately 36-39 questions on the verbal section while the time allowed to answer the entire section s set at 65 Minutes. The entire verbal THE GMAT syllabus can be divided into the following sections
||Questions in each Section
||3-4 RC Passages With 3-4 questions each for a total of 14-16 questions.
||Comprehension of the text presented.
||- MCQs (one answer) - MCQs (one or more answers)
||Grammar and standard expressions.
||- Multiple Choice
||Ability to evaluate and draw conclusions based on logical arguments.
||- Multiple Choice
1. Reading Comprehension
Here passages from diverse fields like Economics, Politics, Sociology , Science and Technology, Geography, Environment, Sports, Literature and Arts, History etc are presented and a candidate is required to solve questions which in many different ways, deal with the subject matter of those passages. The questions might be direct, inference based, organization/structure based, or application based. From the previous trends, there are three passages comprising of six questions each while two passages with three questions each. So, out of 34 problems, 24 questions come directly from Reading Comprehension. If one is able to interpret the passage accurately and with a good speed, then this section alone fetches an aspirant a phenomenal percentile in the verbal section.
THE GMAT tests the high school level grammar of aspirants and how well one is versed in the rules of the language. The following topics come under the grammar section:
I. Determiners and Quantifiers.
II. Pronoun Errors- Precedence, Agreement, Ambiguity, and Comparison
III. Verb Errors- Tenses and Subject Verb Agreement
IV. Modifiers- Misplaced, Squinting, and Dangling; Participle Phrases
The questions in this section are called the sentence correction questions where one needs to spot the error in a statement based on sound knowledge of the grammar rules
3. Critical reasoning
The different models of questions that can be asked in THE GMAT are aimed at accurately determining assumptions, inferences, conclusions, strengthening and weakening of arguments presented, and the correlation between two sentences in the context of a given passage. The last Type is called the ‘Boldface. The format used include logic based caselets usually in the form of a short paragraph of text followed by a single question.
Here a paragraph from which the last statement is missing is presented. Based on the flow and context of the paragraph, one has to find the most suitable statement from the options given that logically completes the paragraph.