As rightly said that it is important to understand the monster before even thinking of taming it, so all those aspirants who have decided to write THE GMAT, it is imperative to know the the GMAT syllabus before starting with its preparation.
THE GMAT is a 3½-hour standardized exam designed to gauge the academic suitability of prospective candidates who wish to enroll in MBA (Masters in Business Administration) programs. GMAT scores are used by graduate business schools to make admission decisions.


THE GMAT has been divided into four sections –

Sections Number of questions Time Limits
Analytical Writing Assessment 1 (essay) 30 minutes
Integrated Reasoning 12 30 minutes
Verbal 36 65 minutes
Quantitative 31 62 minutes

It’s a Computer Adaptive Test(CAT) working of GMAC’s own proprietary algorithm which may only be guessed at as GMAC has never officially divulged the variables used by its algorithm .The primary intent of the exam is to test the knowledge, aptitude, language skills and temperament of the students appearing for THE GMAT.


The GMAT verbal section follows a fairly fixed pattern. So, let’s take a closer look at a detailed outline of the entire THE GMAT Verbal Ability syllabus.

This section is designed to test a test takers ability to comprehend both syntax(Standard English Grammar) and semantics(Meaning and Comprehension) of the English language. A candidate faces approximately 36-39 questions on the verbal section while the time allowed to answer the entire section s set at 65 Minutes. The entire verbal THE GMAT syllabus can be divided into the following sections

Type Questions in each Section Requirement Question Form
Reading Comprehension 3-4 RC Passages With 3-4 questions each for a total of 14-16 questions. Comprehension of the text presented. - MCQs (one answer) - MCQs (one or more answers)
- Select-in-passage
Sentence Correction 12-14 Grammar and standard expressions. - Multiple Choice
Critical Reasoning 9-10 Ability to evaluate and draw conclusions based on logical arguments. - Multiple Choice

1. Reading Comprehension

Here passages from diverse fields like Economics, Politics, Sociology , Science and Technology, Geography, Environment, Sports, Literature and Arts, History etc are presented and a candidate is required to solve questions which in many different ways, deal with the subject matter of those passages. The questions might be direct, inference based, organization/structure based, or application based. From the previous trends, there are three passages comprising of six questions each while two passages with three questions each. So, out of 34 problems, 24 questions come directly from Reading Comprehension. If one is able to interpret the passage accurately and with a good speed, then this section alone fetches an aspirant a phenomenal percentile in the verbal section.

2. Grammar

THE GMAT tests the high school level grammar of aspirants and how well one is versed in the rules of the language. The following topics come under the grammar section:
I. Determiners and Quantifiers.
II. Pronoun Errors- Precedence, Agreement, Ambiguity, and Comparison
III. Verb Errors- Tenses and Subject Verb Agreement
IV. Modifiers- Misplaced, Squinting, and Dangling; Participle Phrases
V. Parallelism
The questions in this section are called the sentence correction questions where one needs to spot the error in a statement based on sound knowledge of the grammar rules

3. Critical reasoning

The different models of questions that can be asked in THE GMAT are aimed at accurately determining assumptions, inferences, conclusions, strengthening and weakening of arguments presented, and the correlation between two sentences in the context of a given passage. The last Type is called the ‘Boldface. The format used include logic based caselets usually in the form of a short paragraph of text followed by a single question.

4. Para-completion

Here a paragraph from which the last statement is missing is presented. Based on the flow and context of the paragraph, one has to find the most suitable statement from the options given that logically completes the paragraph.

A caselet is presented, often in the form of a recommended course of action/solution to a problem outlined in the text. The aspirants are asked to then submit an essay within 30 minutes while, often, evaluating the proffered solution. This section can be scheduled to best suit a candidate’s preference.

Integrated reasoning section covers question, where data will be given in the form of passage, graph, table. It has 12 questions with thirty minutes.
This section has four different question types
1. Table analysis
2. Graphical representation
3. Multisource reasoning
4. Two part analysis

The QUANT Section on the GMAT has 31 questions to be answered in 62 minutes. This part is designed to test your quantitative, logical, analytical skills and your ability to solve a problem. It covers two types of questions:
1. Problem solving

• Ratio, Proportion, Variation
• Percentages, Profit and Loss
• Mixtures
• Time, speed & Distance,
• Time & Work
• Simple Interest and Compound Interest
• Statistics

• Linear Equations
• Quadratic equation
• Inequations
• Functions & Graphs, Absolute Value
• Statistics

• Permutation and combination
• Probability
• Sets & Venn Diagrams

• Numbers
• Exponents

• Geometry
• Mensuration
• Coordinate Geometry

• Basic data interpretation
• Data sufficiency: Data sufficiency designed to test your quantitative, logical and analytical skills.


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