Vidhan Sabha, Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha – Differences between the three explained.
The election season is on and you might have heard people around you talking about Vidhan Sabha, Rajya Sabha or Lok Sabha but do you know the differences between them?
Given below are the differences between the Vidhan Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha.
Definition/Other Names/Mode of elections
Vidhan Sabha or the Legislative Assembly is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the state legislature. The upper house in the seven states with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad. They are Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Telangana, and Uttar Pradesh. The members of a Vidhan Sabha are elected by the general public through the state elections. They are known as MLAs or Members of Legislative Assembly.
Rajya Sabha is the Upper house of the Parliament of India. It is also known as the Council of States as its members are elected not by the general public but by the members of the state legislative assembly. They are known as Rajya Sabha MPs.
Lok Sabha is the Lower house of the Parliament of India. It is also known as the House of People as its members are directly elected by the general public through the general elections. They are known as Lok Sabha MPs.
Number of Members/Seats
In a Vidhan Sabha, there cannot be more than 500 and less than 60 members. It can have less than 60 members only through an Act of Parliament as is the case in Goa, Sikkim, Mizoram and the Union Territory of Puducherry.
In Rajya Sabha, there can be a maximum of 250 members, according to our Constitution but current Indian laws have provision for 245 members. Out of these, the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services.
In Lok Sabha, there can be a maximum of 552 members of which 530 are from the states, 20 are from the Union Territories and 2 are from an Anglo-Indian community who can be appointed by the President. People from the Anglo-Indian community are basically people with a mix of Indian and British ancestry. Current Indian laws have provision for 545 seats of which 530,13 and 2 are the respective distribution.
Minimum Qualification Required
Each member of the Vidhan Sabha, the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha should not have a criminal record, shouldn’t be mentally unsound and shouldn’t be bankrupt.
When it comes to the minimum age requirement, members of both the Vidhan Sabha and the Lok Sabha should be at least 25 years old while that of the Rajya Sabha should be at least 30 years old.
Delhi's Vidhan Sabha
The term of a Vidhan Sabha is 5 years but during the State of Emergency, its term may be extended for a maximum period of 6 months or it may be dissolved by the Governor on the request of the Chief Minister.
The members of the Rajya Sabha sit for staggered 6 years with one-third of the members retiring every two years.
The term of a Lok Sabha is 5 years but during the State of Emergency, it can be extended by law up to one year.
Chief Presiding Officer
The Speaker of the State Legislative Assembly is the chief presiding officer of the Vidhan Sabha.
The Vice President of India acts as the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
The Speaker elected as a leader by the elected government is the chief presiding officer of the Lok Sabha.